Who owned slaves in Liverpool?
History. On the 1 December 1699 the merchants John Earle and William Clayton, owners of the Liverpool Merchant sent this ship to Africa, where the captain William Webster bought a number of enslaved Africans, 220 of whom were sold in Barbados. Liverpool was the pre-eminent slave trading port in Great Britain.
Where was the slave market in Liverpool?
There is still evidence of Liverpool’s role in the transatlantic slave trade around the city centre. Bold, Tarleton and Cunliffe Streets in the city centre are amongst many streets named after merchants who were involved in the trade. Many buildings, including the Town Hall, were built with wealth created by the trade.
Which UK city benefited most from slavery?
Along with London and Bristol, Liverpool also benefited hugely from slavery. Indeed, “much of Liverpool’s 18th century wealth came from the slave trade and, by the 1740s, the city was Europe’s most-used slave port”, says the BBC.
When did the last slave ship leave Liverpool?
The last British slaver, the Kitty’s Amelia, left Liverpool under Captain Hugh Crow in July 1807. However, even after abolition Liverpool continued to develop the trading connections which had been established by the slave trade, both in Africa and the Americas.
Why did Liverpool grow?
‘ This massive growth and prosperity was, in the main, paid for by the infamous triangular trade of sugar, tobacco and slaves between the West Indies, Africa and the Americas. Being strategically placed to exploit such transatlantic trade, Liverpool soon became the fastest growing city in the world.
What did slaves build in the UK?
The processing and distribution of produce such as tobacco, sugar and cotton produced on plantations resulted in massive investment in British quaysides, warehouses, factories, trading houses and banks. The profits built fashionable townhouses and rural stately homes for the masters of the trade.
When was Liverpool at its peak?
By 1851 the population of Liverpool had reached 376,000. There were many Irish immigrants to Liverpool in the early 19th century. Their numbers reached a peak during the potato famine in the 1840s.