What Is the Meaning of Night and Fog?
The German phrase Nacht und Nebel, literally night and fog, is the name of a decree issued in Nazi Germany in December 1941, under which individuals suspected of resistance or other underground activities were arrested and deported suddenly and without trace, frequently during the night.
What did Wilhelm Keitel do?
Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel served as commander of all German armed forces during World War II. He was fully subservient to Hitler and allowed the latter to control all military strategy. In addition, he signed a series of criminal orders.
What happened to Jodl after the war?
Jodl was found guilty on all four counts (conspiracy, crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) and sentenced to death. He was hanged on October 16, 1946.
What happened to Keitel?
After the war, Keitel was indicted by the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg as one of the “major war criminals”. He was found guilty on all counts of the indictment: crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, criminal conspiracy, and war crimes. He was sentenced to death and executed by hanging in 1946.
What’s the definition of Shoah?
Shoah is the Hebrew word for “catastrophe”. This term specifically means the killing of nearly six million Jews in Europe by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during the Second World War. English-speaking countries more commonly use the word Holocaust, which is Greek for “sacrifice by fire”.
Who led the German army in ww2?
Legally, the commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht was Adolf Hitler in his capacity as Germany’s head of state, a position he gained after the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in August 1934.
What was Albert Speer charged with?
war crimes and crimes against humanity
At the Nürnberg trials, Albert Speer was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and he served a 20-year prison sentence.
Why was Jodl killed?
Jodl nevertheless proved that some of the charges made against him were untrue, such as the charge that he had helped Hitler gain control of Germany in 1933. Jodl pleaded not guilty “before God, before history and my people”. Found guilty on all four charges, he was hanged at Nuremberg Prison on 16 October 1946.
Who surrendered in ww2?
On May 7, 1945, the German High Command, in the person of General Alfred Jodl, signs the unconditional surrender of all German forces, East and West, at Reims, in northeastern France.
What happened to Hitler’s generals?
Although several German generals were hanged following their convictions at the Nuremberg war crimes trials, Dönitz was sentenced to just 10 years in prison for permitting slave labor in German shipyards and allowing his sailors to kill unarmed captives.
What does pogrom mean in Russian?
to wreak havoc
Pogrom is a Russian word which, when directly translated, means “to wreak havoc.” Pogroms typically describe violence by Russian authorities against Jewish people, particularly officially-mandated slaughter, though the word has been extended to the massacres of other groups as well.