What is the Kashmir conflict?
The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir region. The conflict started after the partition of India in 1947 as a dispute over the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir and escalated into three wars between India and Pakistan and several other armed skirmishes.
What is the UN’s role in Kashmir issue?
The United Nations has played an advisory role in maintaining peace and order in the Kashmir region soon after the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, when a dispute erupted between the two States on the question of Jammu and Kashmir.
How much of Kashmir is controlled by India and Pakistan?
India controls approximately 55% of the land area of the region and 70% of its population, Pakistan controls approximately 30% of the land, while China controls the remaining 15%. India administers Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier. Pakistan administers Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.
What fuels the conflict in Jammu and Kashmir?
“India: Impunity Fuels Conflict in Jammu and Kashmir”. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 3 August 2012. ^ “State data refutes claim of 1 lakh killed in Kashmir”.
Why is India angry with Pakistan over Kashmir?
India blames Pakistan for stirring the unrest by backing separatist militants in Kashmir – a charge its neighbour denies. Now a sudden change to Kashmir’s status on the Indian side has created further apprehension.
Does impunity fuel conflict in Jammu and Kashmir?
“India: Impunity Fuels Conflict in Jammu and Kashmir”. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 3 August 2012. ^ “State data refutes claim of 1 lakh killed in Kashmir”. The Times of India. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2015. ^ a b c “Like Karadzic, Prosecute All Accused of HR Violations in Kashmir: JKCCS”. Kashmir Observer.
What happened to the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference?
On 3 January 1965, prior to 1967 Assembly elections, the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference dissolved itself and merged into the Indian National Congress, as a marked centralising strategy.
What happened to India’s special status in Kashmir?
This special status was revoked by the Indian government in August 2019. The maharaja’s fateful decision to align Kashmir with India ushered in decades of conflict in the contested region, including two wars and a longstanding insurgency.
How did Kashmir become part of India in 1947?
Singh asked for India’s help in staving off the invasion, but India responded that, in order to gain military assistance, Kashmir would have to accede to India, thus becoming part of the new country. Singh agreed and signed the Instrument of Accession, the document that aligned Kashmir with the Dominion of India, in October 1947.