What is the difference between rapamycin and sirolimus?

What is the difference between rapamycin and sirolimus?

Sirolimus, also known as rapamycin or by the brand name Rapamune, is a medicine that lowers the body’s natural immunity. The immune system response is thought to be involved in Nephrotic Syndrome. It is also used to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, such as the kidney, heart, and liver.

What is the function of rapamycin?

Effects of rapamycin in various diseases. A growing body of evidence has demonstrated that although limited, rapamycin or rapalogs are beneficial for treating various diseases including cancer, diabetes, tuberous sclerosis complex, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, neurodegenerative diseases and aging.

Why is rapamycin called sirolimus?

It is produced by the bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus and was isolated for the first time in 1972, from samples of Streptomyces hygroscopicus found on Easter Island. The compound was originally named rapamycin after the native name of the island, Rapa Nui. Sirolimus was initially developed as an antifungal agent.

What class of drug is rapamycin?

Rapamycin belongs to the class of macrocyclic immunosuppressive drugs that are bioactive only when bound to immunophilins. Cyclosporin A and FK506, two other members of this class, selectively block the transcriptional activation of several cytokine genes, thereby inhibiting cytokine production.

Where is sirolimus absorbed?

Sirolimus is extensively metabolized by the CYP3A4 isozyme in the intestinal wall and liver and undergoes counter-transport from enterocytes of the small intestine into the gut lumen by the P-gp drug efflux pump.

What is sirolimus cream used for?

Rapamycin (sirolimus) is routinely incorporated in drug-eluting stents used for cardiac angioplasty. In recent years, rapamycin was found to be efficacious in managing the symptom complex of tuberous sclerosis, i.e. renal angiomyolipoma, giant cell astrocytoma and pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis.

Where does rapamycin come from?

Rapamycin, (also known by its generic name, Sirolimus) is a natural product isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, found on the island of Rapa Nui in 1972 [5].

How is rapamycin administered?

Take once daily by mouth, consistently with or without food. Take the initial dose as soon as possible after transplantation and 4 hours after CsA (2, 7.1). Adjust the Rapamune maintenance dose to achieve sirolimus trough concentrations within the target- range (2.3).

What is topical sirolimus?

sirolimus-topical. Sirolimus is an immunosuppressant and anti-cancer drug known as an mTOR Kinase Inhibitor. By inhibiting a protein in cells known as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), it helps to suppress the growth and reproduction of cancer cells and other rapidly growing cells in the body.

Is sirolimus better than tacrolimus?

In conclusion, our meta-analysis of randomized trials and cost evaluation model have shown renal transplant recipients maintained on tacrolimus have better outcomes than patients maintained on sirolimus. And tacrolimus may be more cost-effective than sirolimus for the primary prevention of AR in renal transplant.

How long do you take sirolimus?

Take sirolimus exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Swallow the tablets whole; do not split, chew, or crush them. Your doctor will probably adjust your dose of sirolimus during your treatment, usually not more than once every 7 to 14 days.

How is sirolimus absorbed?

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