What is commutation in dc motor?

What is commutation in dc motor?

Commutation is the process of switching the field in the armature windings to produce constant torque in one direction, and the commutator is a device connected to the armature, which enables this switching of current.

Do DC motors have commutators?

Commutators are used in direct current (DC) machines: dynamos (DC generators) and many DC motors as well as universal motors. In a motor the commutator applies electric current to the windings. By reversing the current direction in the rotating windings each half turn, a steady rotating force (torque) is produced.

What is commutation in motor?

In order to generate motion in a three-phase linear motor there must be switching between the phases to energize appropriate windings. The process of switching between the phases is called commutation.

What is a brush in motor?

A brush or carbon brush is an electrical contact which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft. Typical applications include electric motors, alternators and electric generators.

Why commutator is needed?

On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.

What is the need of commutator?

What is back EMF in motor?

Back EMF is the system in the coil of an electric motor that opposes the current flowing through the coil, when the armature rotates. When the speed varies, the winding characteristics may fluctuate, resulting in variation of back EMF.

What is the name of DC motor?

Mainly there are two types of DC Motors. One is Separately Excited DC Motor and other is Self-excited DC Motor. The self-excited motors are further classified as Shunt wound or shunt motor, Series wound or series motor and Compound wound or compound motor. The dc motor converts electrical power into mechanical power.

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