What does it mean when you put something in parentheses?

When you use parentheses to set off material in a sentence, you say that the material is “in parenthesis.” Put something in parentheses if it’s a comment, an afterthought, or additional information that is possibly interesting but not essential to the subject.

Does period come before or after parentheses?

When a complete, independent sentence is entirely enclosed by parentheses, the period goes inside the closing parenthesis.

How do you punctuate a quote from a book?

How do I punctuate quoted dialogue from a novel?

  1. Quoting Dialogue and Text. If you are incorporating a quotation featuring both exposition and a character’s speech into your text, use double quotation marks around the quotation and single quotation marks around the character’s speech that is within the quotation:
  2. Quoting Only Dialogue.
  3. Using Block Quotes.

Can you use apostrophes in APA format?

Apostrophes are generally used in contractions and to indicate the possessive case, but they are not used to form plurals of numbers and abbreviations in APA Style. Just as with numbers, don’t include an apostrophe when pluralizing abbreviations.

Is it okay to use parentheses in a formal paper?

Dashes and parentheses should be used sparingly in formal academic writing. Parenthetical statements especially should be avoided because if something is important enough to be in the sentence, it should be fully part of that sentence.

How do you cite punctuation?

Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.

What punctuation marks are used in the reference list?

Use punctuation marks in reference list entries to group information.

  • Ensure that a period appears after each reference element—that is, after the author, date, title, and source.
  • Use punctuation marks (usually commas or parentheses) between parts of the same reference element.