What are 5 anatomical components of a basic reflex arc?
FIGURE 7-1 A reflex arc contains five fundamental components: 1, a receptor; 2, a sensory neuron; 3, one or more synapses in the CNS; 4, a motor neuron; and 5, a target organ, usually a muscle.
What are reflex actions Grade 5?
Reflex action is an involuntary,unconscious action by the body in response to external stimuli. Reflex action is an immediate actiongenerated by the body in response to the environment without involvement of the brain. *As the stimulus is fired, impulses are carried out at an instance to spinal cord.
What are examples of Class 5 reflex actions?
Reflex action is a sudden and involuntary response to stimuli. It helps organisms to quickly adapt to an adverse circumstance that could have the potential to cause bodily harm or even death. Pulling our hands away immediately after touching a hot or cold object is a classic example of a reflex action. 2.
What tissue is the effector?
An effector is a tissue structure, namely a muscle or gland, that responds to an efferent impulse. An efferent impulse is a biochemical and electrical impulse that travels via nerve fibers away from the central nervous system. The central nervous system is a term for the brain and spinal cord.
Is a reflex arc Monosynaptic or Polysynaptic?
Examples of monosynaptic reflex arcs in humans include the patellar reflex and the Achilles reflex. Most reflex arcs are polysynaptic, meaning multiple interneurons (also called relay neurons) interface between the sensory and motor neurons in the reflex pathway.
What is the reflex arc?
The reflex arc is a special type of neural circuit that begins with a sensory neuron at a receptor (e.g., a pain receptor in the fingertip) and ends with a motor neuron at an effector (e.g., a skeletal muscle).
What is an example of a reflex arc?
Reflex arcs The nerve pathway followed by a reflex action is called a reflex arc . For example, a simple reflex arc happens if we accidentally touch something hot. Receptor in the skin detects a stimulus (the change in temperature).
What tissue is the effector in a reflex arc?
An effector is a muscle or gland that receives the impulse from the motor neuron. In somatic reflexes, the effector is skeletal muscle. In autonomic (visceral) reflexes, the effector is smooth or cardiac muscle, or a gland.