Is it rude to use et al?

Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

How do you write et al in a paper?

matter what, “et” is never followed by a period. Only “al” is followed by a period. That means that “et al.” is the only proper spelling of the phrase.

Does the comma go inside or outside the quotation marks?

Punctuating Around Quotation Marks

Punctuation mark In relation to closing quotation mark, place it… Notes
Period Inside
Comma Inside
Parentheses Outside See more examples of how to cite direct quotations here.
Semi-colon Outside

What does a quotation marks look like?

Quotation marks can be double (“…”) or single (‘…’) – that is really a matter of style (but see below for more about this). Quotation marks are also called “quotes” or “inverted commas”. 1.

How do you reference a blog in Harvard style?


  1. Author of message.
  2. Year that the site was published/last updated (in round brackets).
  3. Title of message (in single quotation marks).
  4. Title of internet site (in italics).
  5. Day/month of posted message.
  6. Available at: URL.
  7. (Accessed: date).

Do commas go inside quotation marks for titles?

In all cases of usage involving quotation marks (again, American usage, not British), commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks while semicolons and colons always go outside. Notice that the commas separating the titles are inside the quotation marks.

What is et al in APA?

in APA Style. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. …

How do I cite a blog reference?

To cite a website or blog, list the author, title of the page or post, title or owner of the site, and the date it was posted, in that order. (If you can’t find one of those, leave it out.) After that, put the date you saw the item and its web address (URL).

Does the period go inside the quotation marks Chicago Manual of Style?

According to The Chicago Manual of Style, commas and periods are almost always placed before a closing quotation mark, “like this,” rather than after, “like this”. This traditional style has persisted even though it’s no longer universally followed outside of the United States and isn’t entirely logical.