How does relief affect climate?
The shape of the land (‘relief’) Climate can be affected by mountains. Mountains receive more rainfall than low lying areas because as air is forced over the higher ground it cools, causing moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall. The higher the place is above sea level the colder it will be.
How does climate affect human health?
Climate change increases the risk of illness through increasing temperature, more frequent heavy rains and runoff, and the effects of storms. Health impacts may include gastrointestinal illness like diarrhea, effects on the body’s nervous and respiratory systems, or liver and kidney damage.
How does being near water affect climate?
Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.
What are natural causes of climate change?
The earth’s climate is influenced and changed through natural causes like volcanic eruptions, ocean currents, the Earth’s orbital changes, solar variations and internal variability. is short-term cooling. Volcanic eruptions pump out clouds of dust and ash, which block out some sunlight.
What are the major effects of climate change?
More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities. As climate change worsens, dangerous weather events are becoming more frequent or severe.
What is the meaning of climate change?
What is Climate Change? Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather patterns that have come to define Earth’s local, regional and global climates. Scientists use observations from the ground, air and space, along with theoretical models, to monitor and study past, present and future climate change.