## How do you write CFG?

CFG stands for context-free grammar. It is is a formal grammar which is used to generate all possible patterns of strings in a given formal language. Context-free grammar G can be defined by four tuples as: G = (V, T, P, S)…The grammar could be:

- S → aSa rule 1.
- S → bSb rule 2.
- S → c rule 3.

**What is the language of CFG?**

In formal language theory, a context-free language (CFL) is a language generated by a context-free grammar (CFG). Context-free languages have many applications in programming languages, in particular, most arithmetic expressions are generated by context-free grammars.

**What are the rules of context-free grammar?**

A formal grammar is “context free” if its production rules can be applied regardless of the context of a nonterminal. No matter which symbols surround it, the single nonterminal on the left hand side can always be replaced by the right hand side. This is what distinguishes it from a context-sensitive grammar.

### What is CNF and GNF?

CFG. Context-free Grammar Derivation Derivation Tree Ambiguity in Grammar Unambiguous Grammar Simplification of CFG Chomsky’s Normal Form (CNF) Greibach Normal Form (GNF)

**Is CFG recursive?**

Based on the nature of the recursion in a recursive grammar, a recursive CFG can be again divided into the following: Left Recursive Grammar (having left Recursion) Right Recursive Grammar (having right Recursion) General Recursive Grammar(having general Recursion)

**How do you simplify a CFG?**

Step 1: To remove X → Y, add production X → a to the grammar rule whenever Y → a occurs in the grammar. Step 2: Now delete X → Y from the grammar. Step 3: Repeat step 1 and step 2 until all unit productions are removed.

## What is derivation in CFG?

Derivation tree is a graphical representation for the derivation of the given production rules of the context free grammar (CFG). It is a way to show how the derivation can be done to obtain some string from a given set of production rules. It is also called as the Parse tree.

**What are the components of CFG?**

A context free grammar has 4 components: – A set of tokens, known as terminal symbols. – A set of nonterminals. nonterminal, called the left side of the production, an arrow, and a sequence of tokens and/or nonterminals, called the right side of the production.

**Can we convert CFG to GNF?**

Steps for converting CFG into GNF. Step 1: Convert the grammar into CNF. Step 2: If the grammar exists left recursion, eliminate it. Step 3: In the grammar, convert the given production rule into GNF form.

### Which grammar is in GNF?

grammar G1

The grammar G1 is in GNF as production rules satisfy the rules specified for GNF. However, the grammar G2 is not in GNF as the production rules B-> ε and A-> ε do not satisfy the rules specified for GNF (only start symbol can generate ε).