## How do I encrypt using DES?

DES works by encrypting groups of 64 message bits, which is the same as 16 hexadecimal numbers. To do the encryption, DES uses “keys” where are also apparently 16 hexadecimal numbers long, or apparently 64 bits long. However, every 8th key bit is ignored in the DES algorithm, so that the effective key size is 56 bits.

**How do you encrypt in C++?**

Encrypt and decrypt text file using C++

- A class encdec is defined with two member functions: encrypt() and decrypt().
- encrypt() function is used to handle the encryption of the input file.
- decrypt() function is used to read the encrypted file and decrypt the data and generate a new file decrypt.

**What is DES algorithm with example?**

The DES (Data Encryption Standard) algorithm is a symmetric-key block cipher created in the early 1970s by an IBM team and adopted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The algorithm takes the plain text in 64-bit blocks and converts them into ciphertext using 48-bit keys.

### Can DES encryption be cracked?

It is a symmetric-key cipher, so anyone with the key can decrypt the text. Hardware as well as software was created to support DES, but as computing machines got more powerful, DES encryption fell to brute force attacks on the key space.

**What is the key size of S DES?**

10-bits

It is a block cipher. It has 8-bits block size of plain text or cipher text. It uses 10-bits key size for encryption.

**What is DES and briefly explain the encryption procedure of DES?**

Data Encryption Standard (DES) is a block cipher algorithm that takes plain text in blocks of 64 bits and converts them to ciphertext using keys of 48 bits. It is a symmetric key algorithm, which means that the same key is used for encrypting and decrypting data.

## How do I encrypt and decrypt a text file?

Right-click (or press and hold) a file or folder and select Properties. Select the Advanced button and select the Encrypt contents to secure data check box. Select OK to close the Advanced Attributes window, select Apply, and then select OK.

**What is key size in DES?**

DES is a block cipher that operates on data blocks of 64 bits in size. DES uses a 64-bit key 8 × 8 including 1 bit for parity, so the actual key is 56 bits.

**How do you make a DES key?**

Steps for generating keys

- Steps for generating keys.
- Divide the result into two equal parts: C and D.
- Steps for encryption.
- Divide the result into equal parts: left plain text (1-32 bits) and right plain text (33-64 bits)
- The expanded right plain text now consists of 48 bits and is XORed with the 48-bit key.

### Who cracked DES algorithm?

SAN JOSE, California–A joint effort between the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Distributed.Net has set a new record for cracking the 56-bit Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm–under 23 hours.

**Who broke DES encryption?**

In January 1999, distributed.net and the Electronic Frontier Foundation collaborated to publicly break a DES key in 22 hours and 15 minutes (see chronology).