Where is the ancient city of Alexandria?
One of Egypt’s largest cities, Alexandria is also its principal seaport and a major industrial centre. The city lies on the Mediterranean Sea at the western edge of the Nile River delta, about 114 miles (183 km) northwest of Cairo in Lower Egypt. Area city, 116 square miles (300 square km).
What is ancient Alexandria known for?
Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world), and the Necropolis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages.
Where did Alexander the Great found the city of Alexandria?
Definition. Alexandria is a port city located on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt founded in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great.
Who burned the Library of Alexandria and why?
The first person blamed for the destruction of the Library is none other than Julius Caesar himself. In 48 BC, Caesar was pursuing Pompey into Egypt when he was suddenly cut off by an Egyptian fleet at Alexandria. Greatly outnumbered and in enemy territory, Caesar ordered the ships in the harbor to be set on fire.
What made Alexandria such an impressive city?
What made Alexandria such an impressive city? The location was ideal for trade, built great palaces and monuments, home to centers of culture and learning, museum held many works of art, library contained works of philosophy, literature, history, and the sciences.
Who ruled ancient Alexandria?
Ptolemy I Soter
After Alexander left Egypt his viceroy, Cleomenes, continued the creation of Alexandria. With the breakup of the empire upon Alexander’s death in 323 bce, control of the city passed to his viceroy, Ptolemy I Soter, who founded the dynasty that took his name.
Why is the Library of Alexandria so important?
The Library was built in the Brucheion (Royal Quarter) as part of the Mouseion. Its main purpose was to show off the wealth of Egypt, with research as a lesser goal, but its contents were used to aid the ruler of Egypt.
What does Alexandria mean in the Bible?
The meaning of this Alexandria is A helper and defender of mankind.