What was the white New Zealand policy?
9 November 1920 Permission was given at the discretion of the minister of customs. The Act enabled officials to prevent Indians and other non-white British subjects entering New Zealand.
What was the purpose of the White Australia policy?
About the White Australia policy The Immigration Restriction Act was one of the first Commonwealth laws passed after Federation. It was based on the existing laws of the colonies. The aim of the law was to limit non-white (particularly Asian) immigration to Australia, to help keep Australia ‘British’.
What is the White Australia Policy 1901?
The means of maintaining this racial and cultural homogeneity is loosely termed the White Australia policy. Immediately following Federation in 1901, policies were designed to keep Australia white and British.
When did the White New Zealand policy end?
But the most important factor was whether an immigrant could help New Zealand’s economy. It became easier for Asian people to immigrate in the 1970s. New laws in the 1980s finally ended the ‘White New Zealand’ policy.
Why did the White Australia policy end?
In 1966 Prime Minister Harold Holt’s Liberal government made changes to Australia’s migration laws which were the most important step toward abolishing the White Australia policy. The new laws made the rules for migration the same for all applicants, wherever they came from.
Who stopped the White Australia Policy?
In 1966, the Holt Liberal Government effectively dismantled the White Australia policy and increased access to non-European migrants, including refugees fleeing the Vietnam War.
When did white Australia policy?
The Immigration Restriction Bill, which enacted the white Australia policy, was initiated in the House of Representatives by Prime Minister Edmund Barton on 5 June 1901, nine sitting days after the Duke of York had opened the Australian Parliament on 9 May 1901.
How long did the White Australia policy go for?
The ‘White Australia’ policy describes Australia’s approach to immigration from federation until the latter part of the 20th century, which favoured applicants from certain countries. The abolition of the policy took place over a period of 25 years.
What is New Zealand’s most important commercial livestock?
Sheep farming has been crucial in the development of the New Zealand economy, and for 130 years was the most important agricultural industry. The image of New Zealand as a country full of sheep is well founded!
What was the main purpose of the native title bill which became law in Australia in 1993?
The NTA was passed in 1993. It established a process for claiming and recognising native title lands and waters in Australia. The NTA aims to balance Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples’ rights to land, and sets out how native title rights and interests fit within Australian law.