What was Adolphe Quetelet known for?
Adolphe Quetelet, in full Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, (born February 22, 1796, Ghent, Belgium—died February 17, 1874, Brussels), Belgian mathematician, astronomer, statistician, and sociologist known for his application of statistics and probability theory to social phenomena.
What was Beccaria’s theory?
Beccaria argued against retribution, which is a criminal punishment theory that maintains punishment is payment for harm done. Instead, he promoted deterrence. This is a type of prevention where the threat of punishment outweighs the urge to commit a crime.
What was Quetelet’s contribution to positivist criminology?
One of the first people to analyze these statistics was Adolphe Quetelet (1796–1874). He found that some people were more likely to commit crime than others, especially those who were young, male, poor, unemployed, and undereducated.
What did Andre Michel Guerry develop?
Around 1851, Guerry invented the Ordonnateur Statistique, probably the first mechanical device designed to aid in statistical calculations and the assessment of relationships among moral variables.
Who invented the Body Mass Index?
Adolphe QueteletBody mass index / Inventor
Why the BMI is wrong?
BMI (body mass index), which is based on the height and weight of a person, is an inaccurate measure of body fat content and does not take into account muscle mass, bone density, overall body composition, and racial and sex differences, say researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.
What is the theory of Enrico Ferri?
His disciple, Enrico Ferri, developed the theory of C. Lombroso and belonged to the criminal sociology school. He believed that the reason of crime is not completely determined by the individual’s biological genes, but the result of the combination of physiological genes, natural conditions and social environment.