What type of pathogen causes measles?
Measles is caused by a single-stranded, enveloped RNA virus with 1 serotype. It is classified as a member of the genus Morbillivirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. Humans are the only natural hosts of measles virus.
Can measles cause hallucinations?
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is caused by the measles virus. The first symptoms are usually poor school performance, forgetfulness, temper outbursts, distractibility, sleeplessness, and hallucinations. The diagnosis is based on symptoms. This disorder is usually fatal.
Where did measles originate?
The first case of measles is believed to have appeared in the Middle East due to the close proximity and large amounts of time cattle herders spent with their cattle. Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that can cause a rash, fever, and cough.
What are complications of measles?
Measles can be serious. Children younger than 5 years of age and adults older than 20 years of age are more likely to suffer from complications. Common complications are ear infections and diarrhea. Serious complications include pneumonia and encephalitis.
What type of pathogen causes flu?
INFECTIOUS AGENT Influenza is caused by infection of the respiratory tract with influenza viruses, RNA viruses of the Orthomyxovirus genus. Influenza viruses are classified into 4 types: A, B, C, and D. Only virus types A and B commonly cause illness in humans.
What pathogen is gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. N. gonorrhoeae infects the mucous membranes of the reproductive tract, including the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes in women, and the urethra in women and men. N.
Is SSPE always fatal?
SSPE is always fatal. People with this disease die 1 to 3 years after diagnosis. Some people may survive longer.
Where did chicken pox come from?
The virus that causes chickenpox does not have a very well documented history. There is early emergence, however, seen as far as back as the ancient Greeks. It was the Greeks, in fact, called the disease zoster after the word for girdle.
Can measles cause brain damage?
Normally, the measles virus does not cause brain damage. However, an abnormal immune response to measles or, possibly, certain mutant forms of the virus may cause severe illness and death. This response leads to brain inflammation (swelling and irritation) that may last for years.