# What is wrong with the Mercator projection?

## What is wrong with the Mercator projection?

The Mercator Projection That said, in this projection style, the sizes of landmasses become increasingly distorted the further away from the equator they get. One trade-off for the utility of Mercator’s map is that it pumps up the sizes of Europe and North America.

What is a Mercator projection and why is it misleading?

Mercator maps distort the shape and relative size of continents, particularly near the poles. This is why Greenland appears to be similar in size to all of South America on Mercator maps, when in fact South America is more than eight times larger than Greenland.

What is wrong biased about the Mercator map projection?

Mercator’s map distorts the actual size of landmasses, overinflating those near the North and South poles, reports National Geographic. On Mercator’s map, Greenland and South America appear nearly the same size, but South America is actually eight times larger.

Advantage: The Mercator map projection shows the correct shapes of the continents and directions accurately. Disadvantage: The Mercator map projection does not show true distances or sizes of continents, especially near the north and south poles.

Why do we use Mercator projection?

This projection is widely used for navigation charts, because any straight line on a Mercator projection map is a line of constant true bearing that enables a navigator to plot a straight-line course.

What are the pros and cons of the Mercator projection?

Advantage: The Mercator map projection shows the correct shapes of the continents and directions accurately. Disadvantage: The Mercator map projection does not show true distances or sizes of continents, especially near the north and south poles. Who Uses it? Sailors use a Mercator map to navigate.

#### Why is the Mercator projection a culturally biased projection?

The Mercator Projection has many flaws and it is a prime example of how map bias can shape one’s world view. As Gauss’ Theorem Egregium proved, it is mathematically impossible to translate a sphere onto a 2D plane without creating distortions in either the shape, size, distance or direction of points on that sphere.

Advantages: On Peters’s projection, […], areas of equal size on the globe are also equally sized on the map. Disadvantages: Peters’s chosen projection suffers extreme distortion in the polar regions, as any cylindrical projection must, and its distortion along the equator is considerable.

Why is Mercator projection used?

This map, with its Mercator projection, was designed to help sailors navigate around the globe. They could use latitude and longitude lines to plot a straight route. Mercator’s projection laid out the globe as a flattened version of a cylinder. All the latitude and longitude lines intersected at 90-degree angles.

## What is Gerardus Mercator known for?

Gerardus Mercator was a Flemish map-maker and geographer who is best known for the map projection which bears his name.

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