What is the treatment for meconium aspiration?

What is the treatment for meconium aspiration?

Suctioning the baby’s upper airways, including the nose, mouth and throat. Giving the baby supplemental oxygen by hood or mechanical ventilator. Tapping on the baby’s chest to loosen secretions, a technique known as chest physiotherapy. Antibiotics to treat infection.

Which treatment is prescribed for the newborn with meconium aspiration syndrome?

Sedation and analgesia are used frequently in infants with MAS and persistent pulmonary hypertension to alleviate pain and discomfort that may lead to hypoxia and right-to-left shunting. Opioids particularly morphine or fentanyl with midazolam are frequently used across the world (77 to 100%).

What is the drug of choice for meconium staining?

Antibiotics are among the treatments most frequently used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) (Warrier 2006).

How is meconium removed from baby’s lungs?

If your baby isn’t breathing or responding well, a tube may be placed in your newborn’s windpipe (trachea) to suction the fluid containing meconium from the windpipe. The suctioning may then continue until no meconium is seen in the material removed.

How do I stop my baby from swallowing meconium?

This aspiration of meconium is dealt with by vigorous suctioning immediately upon the birth of your baby’s head, even before the body is born. This can lessen the amount of meconium available for your baby to aspirate.

What is Apgar score out of?

The Apgar score is based on a total score of 1 to 10. The higher the score, the better the baby is doing after birth.

How is meconium in amniotic fluid treated?


  1. Antibiotics to treat infection.
  2. Breathing machine to keep the lungs inflated.
  3. Use of a warmer to maintain body temperature.
  4. Tapping on the chest to loosen secretions.

Why is nitric oxide useful in treating MAS?

Results are shown in the table. Conclusion: inhaled nitric oxide improves oxygenation in MAS after treatment with surfactant, secondary to better distribution of INO.

How long does it take to recover from meconium aspiration?

Once all traces of meconium have been removed, and the baby has enough oxygen, they usually require no further treatment. In mild cases of meconium aspiration, the doctor to may want to apply oxygen for 48 to 72 hours. Your infant can potentially recover within 3 to 5 days.

What are the side effects of swallowing meconium?

Meconium Aspiration Complications Long-term respiratory complications from meconium aspiration can manifest as an oxygen requirement, severe asthma-like symptoms, poor growth, and frequent cases of viral or bacterial pneumonia. Most infants recover from MAS if treated by an experienced medical team who acts quickly.

Can meconium aspiration syndrome be prevented?

Although meconium aspiration can occur prior to delivery even in the absence of labour, in many infants this condition could be prevented by appropriate suctioning at birth … Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a common neonatal problem and, sadly, results in acute and chronic respiratory morbidity.

What are the signs and symptoms of meconium aspiration?

The spectrum of manifestations associated with meconium aspiration is broad, ranging from mild distress to more severe respiratory failure. More life-threatening conditions have been recognized to also be associated with MAS, notably persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), and air leak syndromes.[2]

Can You aspirate meconium before birth?

Mechanisms of Meconium Aspiration Aspiration usually occurs in utero as a consequence of hypoxia-induced gasping. Most infants who have MAS ( 60%) are born by cesarean section, indicating that they aspirate meconium before birth.

Does pulmonary inflam-mation influence the development of pulmonary hypertension in meconium aspiration?

The role of pulmonary inflam- mation in the development of pulmonary hypertension in newborn with meconium aspiration syndrome. Pediatr Pulmonol Suppl. 1999;18:205–208 American Board of Pediatrics Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Content Specifications • Know the significance and obstetrical management of meconium-stained amniotic fluid.

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