What is the phase failure relay?
A Phase Failure Relays is a type of control and monitoring relay designed to detect problems typically with a three phase supply but some can be used for single phase applications. The conditions which are monitored are Complete Phase Loss, Under Voltage, Over Voltage, Phase Sequence, Phase Asymmetry and Neutral Loss.
How does a phase loss relay work?
A three-phase monitor relay protects against damage caused by phase loss as well as other three-phase fault conditions. These relays notify of fault conditions and provide control contacts to turn off motors or other equipment before damage occurs.
How does a phase reversal relay work?
The solid-state sensing circuit drives an internal electromechanical relay which energizes when power, with correct phase rotation, is applied. The relay will not energize if the applied phases are reversed. It will de-energize if phase rotation is reversed while the motor is running.
How do you select a phase failure relay?
When selecting a phase failure relay the below parameters should be considered:
- Control voltage.
- Functions. (Undervoltage, phase sequence, phase failure, etc..)
- Number and type of output contacts.
- Max and min setting range of the voltage threshold values.
- Setting range for the response delay.
How does a phase monitoring relay work?
Phase monitoring relays can detect phase loss, phase sequence, and phase imbalance in three-phase systems. To determine if a phase imbalance is present, the relay monitors each of the phases to detect when the voltage in any one phase falls by a predetermined amount below the average of all three phases.
What happens when a 3 phase motor loses a phase?
If a three-phase motor is operating and loses one of the phases, the motor will continue to operate at a reduced speed and experience vibrations. The current will also increase considerably in the remaining phases, causing an internal heating of the motor components.
What happens if one phase of a 3 phase motor fails?
What happens if phase rotation is wrong?
When the phase sequence of a three-phase system is incorrect, the connected three-phase motors and other rotating equipment runs in the opposite direction. In many cases, this can cause a hazardous condition that may destroy product, damage machinery, and injure personnel.
How does a 3 phase monitoring relay work?
What happens if one phase of a 3 phase transformer fails?
Effect of Single Phasing or One Phase Failure on Three Phase Machines. Electrical machines will operate at a considerably reduced speed, under power and produced toque. Due to the loss of one phase, the current in the other two phases will increase.