What is the name for the accumulation of nitrogenous wastes in the blood?
When nitrogen waste products, such as creatinine and urea, build up in the body, the condition is called azotemia.
What can occur when waste products accumulate in the blood?
What is uremia? Uremia is a dangerous condition that occurs when waste products associated with decreased kidney function build up in your blood. Uremia means “urine in the blood” and refers to the effects of the waste product accumulation. It affects the entire body.
What causes excess nitrogen in the blood?
Generally, a high BUN level means your kidneys aren’t working well. But elevated BUN can also be due to: Dehydration, resulting from not drinking enough fluids or for other reasons. Urinary tract obstruction.
What causes Uraemia?
Uremia occurs when your kidneys become damaged. The toxins, or bodily waste, that your kidneys normally send out in your urine end up in your bloodstream instead. These toxins are known as creatinine and urea. Uremia is a serious condition and, if untreated, can be life-threatening.
What is a potential complication of polycystic kidney disease?
Frequent complications of polycystic kidney disease include dangerously high blood pressure (hypertension), pain in the back or sides, blood in the urine (hematuria), recurrent urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and heart valve abnormalities.
What is Intrarenal failure?
Intrinsic or intrarenal acute kidney injury (AKI) , which used to be called acute renal failure, occurs when direct damage to the kidneys causes a sudden loss in kidney function. The treatment of intrinsic acute kidney injury includes identifying and correcting the cause of the kidney injury.
What are the different ways of removing waste from the blood?
You remove waste as a gas (carbon dioxide), as a liquid (urine and sweat), and as a solid. Excretion is the process of removing wastes and excess water from the body. Recall that carbon dioxide travels through the blood and is transferred to the lungs where it is exhaled.
What is a waste product of the process of metabolism?
Metabolic waste is the left over products of both catabolism and anabolism. This waste includes salts, phosphates, sulfates, excess substances, and nitrogenous wastes like urea which are eliminated through urine.
How does the body get rid of excess nitrogen?
Excess nitrogen in the body is excreted in one of three forms: ammonia (as the ammonium ion), urea, and uric acid. Animals, such as fish, that live in the water excrete nitrogen as ammonia, which is quickly diluted by the aqueous environment.
What causes increased urea?
The two physiological causes are increased dietary protein and ageing. As previously mentioned, increase in dietary protein results in increased urea production. If sufficiently marked, this increased urea production can cause plasma/serum urea to rise.
What causes vomiting after dialysis?
Patients can feel nauseous or experience vomiting for a number of reasons during and after dialysis treatments. First of all, these symptoms are commonly associated with kidney disease. Add low blood pressure and fluid weight gain to the mix and they are much more likely.