What is the multi-store model in psychology?
The multi-store model is an explanation of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin which assumes there are three unitary (separate) memory stores, and that information is transferred between these stores in a linear sequence.
Why is the multi-store model too simple?
The model appears too simple to explain the entirety of human memory as each store is very complex to be approached by a single idea. The role of rehearsal cannot be enough to lead to duration of long term memory as shown by studies such as Clive Wearing whose short term memory damage prevented him from rehearsal.
What is one advantage that the working memory model has over the multi-store memory model?
The working memory model explains a lot more than the multistore model. It makes sense of a range of tasks – verbal reasoning, comprehension, reading, problem-solving and visual and spatial processing.
Why is the working memory model better than the multi-store model?
The working memory model explains a lot more than the multistore model. It makes sense of a range of tasks – verbal reasoning, comprehension, reading, problem-solving and visual and spatial processing. And the model is supported by considerable experimental evidence. The KF Case Study supports the Working Memory Model.
What are the strengths of the multi-store model?
- Researchers agree that the short term memory and long term memory are two distinct stores with supporting research showing information needs rehearsal and both stores have different capacity and duration.
- The model was the first to provide a testable basis for further research into memory.
What is the key difference between the multi-store model and the working memory model?
The Multi-store model illustrates STM as a single store but the Working Memory Model on the contrary, explains short-term memory as having three components to it. The Multi-store model describes the loss of memory through decay, which the Working Memory model doesn’t.
How is the working memory model a better explanation of short-term memory than the multi-store model?
The multi-store model is oversimplified and is not detailed enough to explain how memory works in everyday life. The working memory model is a more accurate description of the process of short-term memory and how short-term memories are converted into long-term memories.
What is the multi-store model of memory?
Lara Wainwright AS Psychology Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory (12 marks) There are three parts of the multi-store model of memory; sensory memory, short-term store and long-term store. The model was proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968.
What are the three stores of memory in psychology?
They proposed that memory consisted of three stores: a sensory register, short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM). Each store is a unitary structure and has its own characteristics in terms of encoding, capacity and duration.
What is wrong with the multi store model?
The multi store model is also been accused of being too passive, rigid, and simplistic, and the idea that information flows in a linear fashion, from one storage facility to another in one direction has subsequently been challenged; Atkinson and Shiffrin represented the LTM store as a passive unit, just storing information until required.
What is the multi-store theory of STM?
The multi store theory was that information in STM is encoded mainly acoustically; visual coding also takes place to a lesser extent. Once transferred into STM; information can be stored for only a short amount of time, up to thirty seconds, although through rehearsal of information, it can be stored for longer.