# What is the clinical cut off for PHQ-9?

## What is the clinical cut off for PHQ-9?

Regarding severity, PHQ-9 comprises five categories, where a cut-off point of 0–4 indicates no depressive symptoms, 5–9 mild depressive symptoms, 10–14 moderate depressive symptoms, 15–19 moderately-severe depressive symptoms, and 20–27 severe depressive symptoms [25].

### What PHQ-9 score indicates depression?

The PHQ-9 total score ranges from 0 to 27 (scores of 5–9 are classified as mild depression; 10–14 as moderate depression; 15–19 as moderately severe depression; ≥ 20 as severe depression) [30].

How do you evaluate a PHQ-9?

PHQ-9 Depression Severity. This is calculated by assigning scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3, to the response categories of ―not at all,‖ ―several days,‖ ―more than half the days,‖ and ―nearly every day,‖ respectively. PHQ-9 total score for the nine items ranges from 0 to 27.

What does a score of 17 on the PHQ-9 indicate?

15-19: This is considered moderately severe depression. This generally warrants treatment for depression using medication, therapy, or a combination of the two. 20-27: This is considered severe depression.

## What is a normal depression score?

0 to 4 points: No depression
5 to 9 points: Mild depression
10 to 14 points: Moderate depression
15 to 19 points: Moderately severe depression
20 to 27 points: Severe depression

### What is a good PHQ-9 score?

PHQ-9 Score Interpretation A PHQ-9 score total of 0-4 points equals “normal” or minimal depression. Scoring between 5-9 points indicates mild depression, 10-14 points indicates moderate depression, 15-19 points indicates moderately severe depression, and 20 or more points indicates severe depression.

What is a purpose of a clinical assessment tool such as the PHQ-9?

The PHQ-9 is the depression module, which scores each of the nine DSM-IV criteria as “0” (not at all) to “3” (nearly every day). It has been validated for use in primary care. It is not a screening tool for depression but it is used to monitor the severity of depression and response to treatment.

What does the patient health questionnaire assess?

The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) is a new instrument for making criteria-based diagnoses of depressive and other mental disorders commonly encountered in primary care.

## How are people diagnosed with depression?

How is depression diagnosed? To be diagnosed with depression, an individual must have five depression symptoms every day, nearly all day, for at least 2 weeks. One of the symptoms must be a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in almost all activities.

### What does a PHQ-9 score of 15 mean?

What does a PHQ score of 15 mean?

Thus, the total PHQ-15 score ranges from 0 to 30 and scores of ≥5, ≥10, ≥15 represent mild, moderate and severe levels of somatization. The reliability and validity of the PHQ-15 are high in clinical and occupational health care settings [2, 7, 11].

What’s the highest depression score?

Score: 0: no depression. 30: severe depression for long form, 15 for short form….

• 1–5: no depression.
• 6–10: mild.
• 11–15: moderate.
• 16–20: severe.
• 21–27: very severe.

## What does a change in PHQ-9 score mean?

The changes in PHQ-9 scores and depression categories were determined by subtracting the final PHQ-9 score from the initial PHQ-9 score. Therefore, a negative change in PHQ-9 represents a lessening of depression symptoms while a positive change in PHQ-9 represents an increase in depression symptoms.

### How does medical cannabis affect the PHQ-9?

Overall, most patients had minimal change in their PHQ-9 score (88.3%) or depression categorization (92.7%) (Table 3 & Additional file 2 ). However, of the 5103 followed-up patients, 172 (3.4%) had what would be considered a clinically important decrease of at least 5 points or more and 76 (1.5%) had an increase following medical cannabis use.

How many patients completed the PHQ-9?

The PHQ-9 was completed by 6,000 patients in 8 primary care clinics and 7 obstetrics-gynecology clinics. Construct validity was assessed using the 20-item Short-Form General Health Survey, self-reported sick days and clinic visits, and symptom-related difficulty.

Does the use of SSRIs affect PHQ-9 scores?

The multiple linear regression analyses showed that initial PHQ-9 score, the presence of pain, mental health disorders, and depression at baseline, and the use of SSRIs were statistically associated with some change in PHQ-9 scores (Additional file 3 ).

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