What happened as a result of the cold war?
During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics. With stunning speed, the Iron Curtain was lifted and the Cold War came to an end.
Which wars saw fighting between communists and capitalists?
The Cold War was a struggle for world dominance between the capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union. At the Yalta Conference, the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France agreed to split Germany into four zones of occupation after the war.
Was the Cold War about communism?
Cold War Concerns About Communism Following World War II (1939-45), the democratic United States and the communist Soviet Union became engaged in a series of largely political and economic clashes known as the Cold War.
How was the USSR responsible for the Cold War?
The soviet union were thought to be at fault for starting the cold war by many historians at the time of the cold war. The reason for this is because the Soviet Union were known to be infiltrating liberated countries and forcing communism upon them which aggravated the western powers.
Which countries supported the US and capitalism during the Cold War?
The Western Bloc, also known as the Capitalist Bloc, was a coalition of the countries that were allied with the United States and its ideology, a member of NATO, and/or opposed the Soviet Union, Warsaw Pact, and communism during the Cold War 1947-1991. The latter were referred to as the Eastern Bloc.
Which country is Western capitalist?
Traditionally, capitalism was associated with Western Europe, where the terms and ideas we associate with capitalism were first developed. Ever since the Cold War, though, the real champion of capitalism has been the United States, one of the most strictly capitalist nations in the world today.
Why did the US not want communism to spread?
I think there are two major reasons that the U.S. was afraid of the spread of communism: 1) The U.S. was committed to democracy and “self-determination,” or the right of citizens to determine their own form of government. They believed that communism was too totalitarian and wouldn’t let people choose government.
Who were the major superpowers in the Cold War?
The Cold War saw the two superpowers – the USA and the Soviet Union – divide the world into spheres of influence and power blocs. This course examines the start of the Cold War, its defining features and its final stages as the Soviet Union quietly ended in 1991.
How did America respond to the Cold War?
The Cold War: Containment By the time World War II ended, most American officials agreed that the best defense against the Soviet threat was a strategy called “containment.” As a result, America’s only choice was the “long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies.”
Why is the Cold War important to American history?
The Cold War was the most important political issue of the early postwar period. It grew out of longstanding disagreements between the Soviet Union and the United States. Reduced trade barriers, it was believed, would promote economic growth at home and abroad, and bolster stability with U.S. friends and allies.
How the Cold War changed the world?
The Cold War shaped American foreign policy and political ideology, impacted the domestic economy and the presidency, and affected the personal lives of Americans creating a climate of expected conformity and normalcy. By the end of the 1950’s, dissent slowly increased reaching a climax by the late 1960’s.
Why was America so prosperous after ww2?
Driven by growing consumer demand, as well as the continuing expansion of the military-industrial complex as the Cold War ramped up, the United States reached new heights of prosperity in the years after World War II.
How did the Cold War affect families?
The Cold War linked “survival and security to traditional family values” (May, 162). While the war caused a “grave disruption of the family system” (May, 163), the postwar era saw a return to traditional family roles and a reaffirmation of the traditional role of women as homemakers.
Was the US capitalist during the Cold War?
The Russians operated a communist state (from 1922 to 1991), while western countries like the US were capitalist countries. Throughout the Cold War, communist and capitalist nations tried to out-do each other, competing to develop the best technologies and weapons.