What does zero tolerance mean in schools?
Under zero tolerance, students who break certain school rules face mandatory penalties, including suspension and referral to law enforcement. The approach gained popularity during the 1980s, and by the mid-1990s, most school districts in the United States had adopted some form of zero tolerance.
What is an example of a zero tolerance policy?
It completely ignores values and rules. For example, look at what happens when a student brings a weapon to school. Zero tolerance becomes the excuse for throwing away a range of alternative consequences and enforcing only the toughest possible punishment. The student is either given a lengthy suspension or expelled.
Are zero-tolerance policies effective in the schools?
Zero tolerance has not been shown to improve school climate or school safety. Its application in suspension and expulsion has not proven an effective means of improving student behavior. It has not resolved, and indeed may have exacerbated, minority overrepresentation in school punishments.
What has been a result of the zero tolerance policy in schools?
Suspension and expulsion, the typical consequences demanded by zero-tolerance policies, disrupt a student’s education by removing them from school. This disruption can often becomes a more permanent departure from education, in general.
What is the meaning of zero tolerance policy?
Definition of zero tolerance : a policy of giving the most severe punishment possible to every person who commits a crime or breaks a rule The police announced that there will be zero tolerance for looters. The camp has a zero tolerance drug and alcohol policy.
What is zero tolerance policy meaning?
Zero tolerance refers to school discipline policies and practices that mandate predetermined consequences, typically severe, punitive and exclusionary (e.g., out of school suspension and expulsion), in response to specific types of student misbehavior—regardless of the context or rationale for the behavior.
What is meant by a zero tolerance policy?
Definition of zero tolerance : a policy of giving the most severe punishment possible to every person who commits a crime or breaks a rule The police announced that there will be zero tolerance for looters.
What was the purpose of zero tolerance policies?
Zero-tolerance policies were written into school handbooks in the 1990s, created originally to be a deterrent for bringing weapons into schools. These policies stemmed from law enforcement’s adoption of the “broken windows” theory and the Gun-Free Schools Act.
When did zero tolerance in schools start?
History. The label of zero tolerance began with the Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994, when Congress authorized public-school funding subject to the adoption of zero-tolerance policies.
What is the danger of a policy of zero tolerance?
Research has demonstrated that zero tolerance policies can lead to harmful effects of individuals, lead to higher rates of exclusionary disciplinary action and are not associated with improved school safety and academics (APA, 2008).
What are the benefits and detriments of zero tolerance policies in schools?
Zero Tolerance Can Hurt the Victim of Bullying.
What is a zero tolerance policy at school?
A zero tolerance policy requires school officials to hand down specific, consistent, and harsh punishment—usually suspension or expulsion—when students break certain rules. The punishment applies regardless of the circumstances, the reasons for the behavior (like self-defense), or the student’s history of discipline problems.
Is zero tolerance an idea whose time has come and gone?
Zero Tolerance: An Idea Whose Time Has Come and Gone? Zero tolerance policies developed in the 1990s, in response to school shootings and general fears about crime. In 1994, the federal government passed the Gun-Free Schools Act, which requires schools to expel any student who brings a gun to campus.
Do zero-tolerance policies affect adolescent development?
This report highlights research identifying that zero-tolerance policies may negatively affect the relationships between education and juvenile justice as well as hinder adolescent development. The report concludes that data raises questions about the effectiveness of zero tolerance policies.
How are high-stakes testing and zero tolerance policies related?
This presentation explains the similar origins and mutual reinforcement between (the pressures of) high-stakes testing and (the over-reliance on) zero tolerance policies through which schools suspend or expel students who are less engaged, disruptive, and/or expected to score below proficiency levels on academic assessments.