What does calcium gluconate treat?

What does calcium gluconate treat?

Calcium gluconate is a medication used to manage hypocalcemia, cardiac arrest, and cardiotoxicity due to hyperkalemia or hypermagnesemia. It is classified as a calcium salt.

Why Calcium gluconate is given in emergency?

Calcium gluconate is most commonly used in emergency situations to treat several conditions. It is not well-suited to return low blood calcium levels to normal. Instead, calcium gluconate is used to mitigate the signs and symptoms of low calcium levels or high potassium levels.

What are the side effects of calcium gluconate?

Side effects of calcium gluconate include:

  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • decreased appetite,
  • constipation,
  • dry mouth,
  • increased thirst,
  • increased urination,
  • tingling sensations,

What are the contraindications of calcium gluconate?

Who should not take CALCIUM GLUCONATE?

  • sarcoidosis.
  • a high amount of calcium in urine.
  • high amount of calcium in the blood.
  • ventricular fibrillation, a heart rhythm disorder.
  • kidney stones.
  • decreased kidney function.
  • poisoning by the heart medication digitalis.
  • chronic kidney disease stage 3B (moderate)

What is principle of assay for calcium gluconate?

Principle involved in assay of calcium gluconate are‚Äč: The assay of calcium gluconate relies upon a replacement complexometric titration. Magnesium forms a fancy with the mixture of indicator mordant black II which indicates the primary color.

Why should IV calcium be given slowly?

Calcium chloride must be administered slowly through the vein. Too rapid intravenous injection may lead to symptoms of hypercalcaemia. The use of calcium chloride is undesirable in patients with respiratory acidosis or respiratory failure due to the acidifying nature of the salt.

Can calcium be given intramuscularly?

Leucovorin (leucovorin calcium) Calcium Injection USP is a sterile, preservative-free solution indicated for intramuscular (IM) or intravenous (IV) administration in a 50 mL single-dose vial.

What should be assessed before giving calcium gluconate?

Monitoring should include heart rate or ECG. Calcium Gluconate Injection can be diluted with glucose 5% or sodium chloride 0.9%. Dilution into a solution containing bicarbonate, phosphate or sulfate should be avoided.

What is the antidote for calcium gluconate?

Conclusion: Sodium thiosulfate and hyaluronidase prevent the development of calcium deposits after calcium gluconate extravasation.

What are two signs of hypocalcemia?

Symptoms of hypocalcemia most commonly include paresthesia, muscle spasms, cramps, tetany, circumoral numbness, and seizures.

Which drug may be prescribed to treat hypocalcemia?

Drugs used to treat Hypocalcemia

Drug name Rating Rx/OTC
View information about calcium chloride calcium chloride Rate Rx
Generic name: calcium chloride systemic Drug class: minerals and electrolytes For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects
View information about Natpara Natpara Rate Rx

What is the adverse effect of calcium gluconate?

Persistent calcium taste

  • Flushing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Hypotension
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • How does calcium gluconate affect blood pressure?

    Calcium helps keep the smooth muscles that line your blood vessels toned. Some studies show that people who get enough calcium in their diets tend to have lower rates of high blood pressure. An added bonus of getting enough calcium in your diet is that it can also help protect you against osteoporosis. This condition causes thinning bones.

    How much does calcium gluconate raise calcium?

    There is 93 mg of elemental calcium in a 10 ml ampoule of 10% calcium gluconate. In comparison, there is 272 mg of elemental calcium in a 10 mL of 10% solution of calcium chloride, another calcium salt. Calcium gluconate is typically preferred over calcium chloride due to lower the risk of tissue necrosis if the fluid is extravasated. [1]

    What are the benefits of calcium gluconate?

    Benefits of Calcium Gluconate – Maintaining a Normal Blood Calcium Level. Calcium gluconate is a salt of calcium and gluconic acid. It is the most popular form of calcium used in the treatment of hypocalcemia. It is used to treat low calcium levels especially in people who lack calcium in their diet. It is also used to treat other conditions

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