What causes blueberry muffin syndrome?

What causes blueberry muffin syndrome?

‘Blueberry muffin syndrome’ is the descriptive term used for an infant born with multiple blue/purple marks or nodules in the skin. These are due to the presence of clusters of blood-producing cells in the skin (extramedullary erythropoiesis), or bleeding into the skin (purpura), or spreading cancer (metastases).

What causes the blueberry muffin rash with CMV?

It can occur following infection of an unborn baby with rubella, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, or coxsackie virus. Other viral causes include parvovirus B19 and herpes simplex….

Blueberry muffin baby
Causes Congenital rubella, congenital CMV, other TORCH infections, blood disorders, and malignancies

Which torch infections have blueberry muffin rash?

Since then, congenital infections comprising the TORCH syndrome (toxoplasmosis, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes) and hematologic dyscrasias have classically been associated with blueberry muffin-like lesion.

Does toxoplasmosis cause blueberry muffin rash?

The term blueberry muffin rash is used to describe the clinical presentation of dermal extramedullary hematopoiesis. The common culprits of this rash include a TORCH (toxoplasmosis, other agents, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes) infection or hematologic dyscrasia.

What is dermal erythropoiesis?

Dermal erythropoiesis is associated with intrauterine infection or hematologic disorders with chronic and severe anemia. The intrauterine infectious agents include cytomegalovirus, coxsackie virus B2, rubella, or parvovirus B19.

What is periventricular calcification?

Calcifications associated with congenital CMV infection are predominantly periventricular because of germinal matrix damage, which leads to white matter atrophy, ventriculomegaly, and neuronal migration anomalies.1–3 Occuring in 0.2% to 2.0% of pregnancies, CMV infection is the most common congenital infection in the …

What causes dermal erythropoiesis?

How did I get CMV?

How cytomegalovirus (CMV) is spread. CMV is mainly spread through close contact with someone who already has CMV. It can be passed on through sexual contact and contact with other body fluids including saliva, blood, breast milk, tears, pee and poo. CMV can only be passed on when it’s “active”.

How is cytomegalovirus transmitted?

Although the virus is not highly communicable, it can be spread from person to person by direct contact. The virus is shed in the urine, saliva, semen and to a lesser extent in other body fluids. Transmission can also occur from an infected mother to her fetus or newborn and by blood transfusion and organ transplants.

What causes mucus in the lungs?

Mucus in the lungs is known as phlegm or sputum. It is a common symptom in chronic lung diseases such as COPD (including chronic bronchitis and emphysema ), cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, NTM lung disease or asthma. In undamaged airways, oxygenated air moves easily through tubes, helped along by tiny hairs that line the airways called cilia.

What is Mac lung disease?

MAC Lung Disease MAC lung disease is an infection caused a group of bacteria called Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). MAC includes two closely related species, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare, and may also be referred to as MAI.

Why do farmers get lung disease?

In this Article. Farmer’s lung is a disease caused by an allergy to the mold in certain crops. Farmers are most likely to get it because it’s usually caused by breathing in dust from hay, corn, grass for animal feed, grain, tobacco, or some pesticides.

What causes fluid lung disease?

FL occurs as a result of breathing in moldy dust, which contains microorganisms. Specifically, these are spores of bacteria that are able to tolerate heat. The bacteria that most commonly cause FL are Micropolyspora faeni and Thermoactinomyces vulgaris. A 2020 article notes that Aspergillus, which is a type of fungi, can also cause FL.

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