## What are the load combinations for the design purposes?

LOAD COMBINATIONS according to ASCE7-10 1.4D. 1.2D + 1.6L + 0.5(Lr or S or R) 1.2D + 1.6(Lr or S or R) + (L or 0.5W) 1.2D + 1.0W + L+0.5(Lr or S or R)

**How do you calculate load combinations?**

- Ultimate load = dead load + live load + snow load.
- Ultimate load = dead load + live load + wind load (or earthquake load)
- Ultimate load = dead load + live load + wind load + (snow load ÷ 2)
- Ultimate load = dead load + live load + snow load + (wind load ÷ 2)

**What are the load combinations of ASD and LRFD?**

You will notice that the large load factors found in the LRFD load combinations are absent from the ASD version of the ASCE 7-05 load combination equations….ASD.

LRFD-LC1 | 1.4(D+F) |
---|---|

LRFD-LC2c | 1.2(D + F + T) + 1.6(L + H) + 0.5R |

LRFD-LC2i | 1.2(D + F + T) + 1.6(L + H) + 0.2Di + 0.5S |

LRFD-LC3a | 1.2D + 1.6Lr + (0.5 or 1)*L |

### What are load combinations?

A load combination results when more than one load type acts on the structure. Building codes usually specify a variety of load combinations together with load factors (weightings) for each load type in order to ensure the safety of the structure under different maximum expected loading scenarios.

**What is allowable design load?**

Allowable Stress Design is a unique design practice that is adopted by civil engineers while they work on their building projects. It is a practice which entails the designer ensuring that the stresses imposed on the structures owing to the service load don’t exceed the elastic limit. Also Read.

**Which of the following load combination is recommended for building structures?**

Explanation: For design loads for buildings and structures for wind load, IS 875-Part 3 given by Bureau of Indian Standards is used.

## Which load combination is not possible?

12. Which of the following load combination is not possible? Explanation: According to IS code, it is assumed that maximum wind load and earthquake load will not occur simultaneously on a structure.

**How is maximum design load calculated?**

Beam Load Calculation

- 300 mm x 600 mm excluding slab thickness.
- Volume of Concrete = 0.30 x 0.60 x 1 =0.18 m³
- Weight of Concrete = 0.18 x 2400 = 432 kg.
- Weight of Steel (2%) in Concrete = 0.18 x 2% x 7850 = 28.26 kg.
- Total Weight of Column = 432 + 28.26 = 460.26 kg/m = 4.51 KN/m.

**What is ASD load combinations?**

It focuses on the requirements for general structural design, as well as providing a means for determining loads (dead, live, soil, flood, snow, rain, ice, earthquake, wind) and their combinations. Allowable Strength Design (ASD) involves eight basic load combination equations.

### What is the difference between Allowable Stress Design and strength design?

Now, there are obvious differences between ASD and LRFD. Allowable Stress Design compares actual and allowable stresses whereas LRFD compares required to actual strengths. It should be remembered that the ultimate loads cannot really be compared with service loads.

**What are the three types of loads?**

The types of loads that act on building structures and other structures can be broadly classified as vertical, horizontal, and longitudinal loads.

**What is allowable stress in machine design?**

The allowable stress or allowable strength is the maximum stress (tensile, compressive or bending) that is allowed to be applied on a structural material. The allowable stresses are generally defined by building codes, and for steel, and aluminum is a fraction of their yield stress (strength):