What are the four congenital heart defects?
Types of congenital heart defects include:
- aortic stenosis.
- atrial septal defect (ASD)
- atrioventricular canal defect.
- coarctation of the aorta (COA)
- Ebstein anomaly.
- hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
- patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
- patent foramen ovale (PFO)
What are the 5 main types of congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart disease refers to a range of possible heart defects.
- Aortic valve stenosis. Aortic valve stenosis is a serious type of congenital heart defect.
- Coarctation of the aorta.
- Ebstein’s anomaly.
- Patent ductus arteriosus.
- Pulmonary valve stenosis.
- Septal defects.
- Single ventricle defects.
- Tetralogy of Fallot.
What is the most common congenital heart defect?
The most common type of heart defect is a ventricular septal defect (VSD).
Are congenital heart defects found at birth?
CHDs are present at birth and can affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works. They can affect how blood flows through the heart and out to the rest of the body. CHDs can vary from mild (such as a small hole in the heart) to severe (such as missing or poorly formed parts of the heart).
How do I know if my baby has a congenital heart defect?
Signs and symptoms swelling of the legs, tummy or around the eyes. extreme tiredness and fatigue. a blue tinge to the skin or lips (cyanosis) tiredness and rapid breathing when a baby is feeding.
What can cause congenital heart defects?
Certain environmental and genetic risk factors might play a role in the development of congenital heart disease, including:
- Genetics. Congenital heart disease appears to run in families (inherited).
- German measles (rubella).
Who is at risk for congenital heart defects?
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of a congenital heart defect in the baby. Family history and genetics. Congenital heart defects sometimes run in families (are inherited) and may be associated with a genetic syndrome. Many children with an extra 21st chromosome (Down syndrome) have heart defects.
What is a critical congenital heart defect?
Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) is a term that refers to a group of serious heart defects that are present from birth. These abnormalities result from problems with the formation of one or more parts of the heart during the early stages of embryonic development.
Can you see heart defects at 12 weeks?
Sometimes, earlier scans performed at 12 weeks (Nuchal translucency scans) or “early” anatomical scans performed at 14-16 weeks in specialized centers can detect fetal heart abnormalities at even earlier times in the pregnancy.
What causes congenital heart?
What happens when you have congenital heart disease?