## How is soil moisture deficit calculated?

SMD is calculated based on incoming daily rainfall (mm), outgoing daily potential evapotranspiration (PET, mm), and a fixed available water capactity (the amount of water in the soil ‘reservoir’ that plants can use) of 150 mm.

**What is the formula for moisture deficit index?**

moisture index The term used instead of ‘moisture budget’, e.g. by C. W. Thornthwaite (1955), and calculated from the aridity and humidity indices, as I m = 100 × (S − D)/PE, where I m is the moisture index, S is the water surplus, D is the water deficit, and PE is the potential evapotranspiration.

### What is a soil moisture deficit?

Soil Moisture Deficit (SMD) is the amount of rain needed to bring the soil moisture content back to field capacity. Field capacity (SMD=0) is the amount of water the soil can hold against gravity i.e. the maximum water a pot plant can be watered and not leak water.

**What is Vwc in soil moisture?**

Volumetric water content (VWC) The volumetric water content is the ratio of the volume of water to the unit volume of soil. Volumetric water content can be expressed as ratio, percentage or depth of water per depth of soil (assuming a unit surface area), such as inches of water per foot of soil.

#### What is IW CPE ratio?

It is ratio of the amount of irrigation water (IW) applied to cumulative pan evaporation (CPE). The pan evaporation values are added up every day till it is equal to certain ratio of the amount of water applied as irrigation.

**How do you calculate aridity?**

Aridity Index (AI) is a numerical indicator which is used for measuring the degree of dryness of climate of a place. It is opposite to humidity index. It is calculated as the ratio of P/PET, where P is the average annual precipitation and PET is the potential evapotranspiration (UNEP, 1992).

## What is moisture availability index?

While recognizing the importance of both rainfall and PET, an effective measure is known as the ‘Moisture Availability Index’ (MAI), which is computed as the ratio of 75% dependable rainfall and potential evapotranspiration.

**How does soil moisture affect biodiversity?**

2018). And based on the previous literature, I believe that if there is a higher soil moisture, then there will be higher plant biodiversity because a higher soil moisture will give plants increased access to water which will decrease competition.

### What percentage should my soil moisture be?

It is important to note that the majority of flowers, trees, and shrubs require moisture levels between 21% – 40%, while all vegetables require soil moisture between 41% and 80%. NOTE: All vegetables require soil moisture between 41% – 80%.

**What is Target’s moisture level?**

Generally, soil moisture will range from 10% to 45%, but can be higher during and after watering. The water in your soil is stored on the surface of the soil particles, as well as in the pores, which are holes or gaps between individual soil particles. Pores will contain both water and air/oxygen.

#### How do you calculate IW CPE ratio?

IW/CPE ratio is the ratio of the net depth of irrigation water (IW) to cumulative pan evaporation (CPE) excluding effective rainfall. It serves as a soil moisture stress index. Lower the ratio more will be water stress. IW/CPE ratio is used for the climatological approach of irrigation scheduling.